Robinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe. Epistolary, confessional, and didactic in form, the book is a fictional autobiography of the title character-a castaway who spends 28 years on a remote tropical island near Trinidad, encountering cannibals, captives, and mutineers before being rescued. The details of Crusoe's island were probably based on the Caribbean island of Tobago, since that island lies a short distance north of the Venezuelan coast near the mouth of the Orinoco river, in sight of Trinidad. It is also likely that Defoe was inspired by the Latin or English translations of Ibn Tufail's Hayy ibn Yaqdhan, an earlier novel also set on a desert island. Although inspired by a real life event, it was the first notable work of literature where the story was independent of mythology, history, legends, or previous literature.